What is Psychology and its Different Branches

What is Psychology?

In psychology, mind and behavior are two important elements that are studied. It analyzes how the mind works and how it impacts or affects behavior. There are a number of branches in psychology like clinical, developmental, health, occupational, forensic psychology, etc. A person that is suffering from mental illness must consult a psychologist. A psychologist is a medical doctor that provides treatment for mental illness, he or she studies the behavior and problem of the patient and on its basis, provides them the required medication or treatment. For becoming a psychologist, a student has to study and earn a bachelor’s or master's degree in psychology or applied psychology. Pursue psychology from a reputed university and get good grades.  

The mind is extremely complex to understand, how it works and how a person behaves varies from one person to another person. Due to this reason, it becomes difficult for a psychologist to treat the patient correctly. The things associated with the mind are intangible, it cannot be seen or touched like a dream, memory, emotion, perception, feelings, etc. Physical symptoms in these intangible things cannot be seen in some cases, whereas in other cases like Alzheimer’s disease it can be seen.

Branches of Psychology

Psychology is a huge field and has a number of branches. These branches study and examine different concepts under psychology. After completing a bachelor's or master's, students can select the branch of their interest and pursue further study in it. Here’s a list of the various branches of psychology.  

• Clinical psychology – Clinical psychology is dealing with people who suffer from mental disorders that can be treated clinically. You might have seen it in the movies, that clients go to a doctor and talk to them about their issue, this problem can be an abuse, depression, insecurities, etc. The doctor listens to them and tries to identify the problem, with the help of these interviews and sessions, the doctor diagnoses for finds out the potential disorders. After identifying the issue, both the doctor and the client make programs and conducts more meetings to treat the patient. The doctor monitors the improvement in patients and further treatment is handled accordingly.

• Developmental psychology – Developmental psychology is the study of human development. It thoroughly analyzes why and how humans grow, their appearance changes, etc. Earlier, this study was being used for examining the infants or small kids and their growth but now the entire life span is analyzed of a human. Teenagers, adults, aging, puberty, old people, etc. all the age groups and changes taking place in them are studied.  

• Cognitive psychology – This branch of psychology helps in understanding the internal mental process of a human being. How a specific person thinks, makes a decision, solves a problem, memory capacity, his or her thought process, learn, ability to grasp quickly or slowly, etc. Its practical application is methods to improve or increase memory, stimulate the ability to make accurate decisions, boost the ability to learn quickly, etc.

• Educational psychology – As its name suggests, educational psychology usually deals with the students' group but not necessarily. The factors that affect them in education. It studies how people learn, educational disabilities, gifted learners, etc. An Educational psychologists examine how students (of all or any age) study? They also help students if they face difficulties. For example, if a student is stressed because of not getting his work or assignment done on time, then the psychologist can suggest them different methods like taking online assignment help or some other methods.  

• Health psychology – In health psychology, it is observed how human behavior, social and biological changes impact the health or illness of a person. Health psychology and medical professionals work hand in hand. The social factors like education, background, behavior are analyzed and how they impact the health status of a person is studied. The physicians only focus on biological causes whereas, a psychologist analyzes the entire human; the body as well as behavior.

• Forensic psychology – Criminal activities are investigated in forensic psychology. Psychologist in this branch studies the behavior of a criminal and find out the factors that affected or influenced him or her to do a crime. These psychologists work in civil courts for criminal justice. They research the factors affecting the criminal and present their investigation in the court.

• Social psychology – It is concerned with the social factors that influence human behavior. What effects the society has on a human? His or her thoughts, actions, mentality, etc. are investigated. The difference between the imagined or ideal situation and the actual situation is analyzed, and how people react to this difference. It includes some factors like non-verbal gestures, body language, leadership qualities, conformity, behavior, aggression, social perception, etc.

Apart from these branches, there are a number of other branches like neuropsychology, military, cross-cultural psychology, etc. If you are a student and want to pursue psychology, you can make a choice according to your interests. You must get good grades and get into a reputed university. Be a good student by completing your assignments, projects, and activities on time. If you face some problems, you can take psychology assignment help. Be dedicated and passionate to achieve your goal. Psychology has a huge scope and is also demanding field. Although it may take definite amount of time for you to become a psychologist it’s all worth it.

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